Posts Tagged ‘C#’

Centralizing Users’ Authentication at Active Directory Level

December 23, 2011 Leave a comment

First of all, sorry for my long absence.

One month ago, I had a talk at TechInsights South East Asia, 2011 related to one of my favorite security topics for centralizing user management. I thought why not share it with you guys.

I hope you enjoy it.

Peace and love …


IIS Smooth Streaming

After surviving from toughest weeks of final exams, having a talk at MIND (Malaysian Independent Developers) event was an amazing relief. My chosen topic was IIS Smooth Streaming from development prospective. After a good presentation, I decided to share the resulting presentation file in my blog to make it available to wider audience.

This work is a collection of notes around the web that can be gathered together to form a solid scenario. I hope you enjoy it.

Finally I should deeply thank some respected members of the community because of their helps and their informative presentations at this event: Daqing Lee, Riza Marhaban, Arsalan Pour Fard and Mostafa Abedi.

MS Chart Part 3 (Combining Different Chart-Types)

June 28, 2011 9 comments

Sometimes you may need to combine two or more different Chart-Types. In this article we go through the stages of creating a composite MS Chart. In this project we make a Pareto function to show how to combine two different chart types in a single ChartArea.

Pareto chart: A Pareto chart, named after Vilfredo Pareto, is a type of chart that contains both bars and a line graph, where individual values are represented in descending order by bars, and the cumulative total is represented by the line (In probability distribution there are two ways to display distribution in chart, PMF (Probability Mass Function) and CDF (Cumulative Distribution Function) that can be used to display both in a single area).
The purpose of the Pareto chart is to highlight the most important among a (typically large) set of factors. In quality control, it often represents the most common sources of defects, the highest occurring type of defect, or the most frequent reasons for customer complaints, and so on. Wilkinson (2006) devised an algorithm for producing statistically-based acceptance limits (similar to confidence intervals) for each bar in the Pareto chart. The Pareto chart is one of the seven basic tools of quality control.

After a short introduction to Pareto Chart, lets start the development by starting a new project from scratch. (The reference is Microsoft MSChart sample project)

Pareto MS Chart

Pareto Chart

ASPX File:

<asp:Chart ID="Chart1" runat="server" Width="412px" Height="296px" BorderlineDashStyle="Solid" Palette="BrightPastel" BackSecondaryColor="White" BackGradientStyle="TopBottom" BorderWidth="2" BackColor="WhiteSmoke" BorderColor="26, 59, 105">


<asp:Legend Enabled="False" IsTextAutoFit="False" Name="Default" BackColor="Transparent" Font="Trebuchet MS, 8.25pt, style=Bold">



<BorderSkin SkinStyle="Emboss"></BorderSkin>


<asp:Series Name="Default" BorderColor="180, 26, 59, 105">




<asp:ChartArea Name="ChartArea1" BorderColor="64, 64, 64, 64" BackSecondaryColor="White" BackColor="Gainsboro" ShadowColor="Transparent" BackGradientStyle="TopBottom">

<AxisY2 IsLabelAutoFit="False" Interval="25">

<LabelStyle Font="Trebuchet MS, 8.25pt, style=Bold" />


<AxisY LineColor="64, 64, 64, 64">

<LabelStyle Font="Trebuchet MS, 8.25pt, style=Bold" />

<MajorGrid LineColor="64, 64, 64, 64" />


<AxisX LineColor="64, 64, 64, 64">

<LabelStyle Font="Trebuchet MS, 8.25pt, style=Bold" />

<MajorGrid LineColor="64, 64, 64, 64" />





In the first section there is only one chart type added to the ChartArea which is a Column Chart namely Default. We add the second chart in the code behind later. I also set some of the appearance properties in asp tag to make it look better.

Code Behind:

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)




private void RandomData(Series series, int numOfPoints)


Random rand;

// Use a number to calculate a starting value for

// the pseudo-random number sequence

rand = new Random(5);

// Generate random Y values

for (int point = 0; point < numOfPoints; point++)


series.Points.AddY(rand.Next(49) + 1);



public void AfterLoad()


// Number of data points

int numOfPoints = 5;

// Generate rundom data

RandomData(Chart1.Series["Default"], numOfPoints);

// Make Pareto Chart

MakeParetoChart(Chart1, "Default", "Pareto");

// Set chart types for output data

Chart1.Series["Pareto"].ChartType = SeriesChartType.Line;

// set the markers for each point of the Pareto Line

Chart1.Series["Pareto"].IsValueShownAsLabel = true;

Chart1.Series["Pareto"].MarkerColor = Color.Red;

Chart1.Series["Pareto"].MarkerBorderColor = Color.MidnightBlue;

Chart1.Series["Pareto"].MarkerStyle = MarkerStyle.Circle;

Chart1.Series["Pareto"].MarkerSize = 8;

Chart1.Series["Pareto"].LabelFormat = "0.#";  // format with one decimal and leading zero

// Set Color of line Pareto chart

Chart1.Series["Pareto"].Color = Color.FromArgb(252, 180, 65);


void MakeParetoChart(Chart chart, string srcSeriesName, string destSeriesName)


// get name of the ChartAre of the source series

string strChartArea = chart.Series[srcSeriesName].ChartArea;

// ensure that the source series is a column chart type

chart.Series[srcSeriesName].ChartType = SeriesChartType.Column;

// sort the data in all series by their values in descending order

chart.DataManipulator.Sort(PointSortOrder.Descending, srcSeriesName);

// find the total of all points in the source series

double total = 0.0;

foreach (DataPoint pt in chart.Series[srcSeriesName].Points)

total += pt.YValues[0];

// set the max value on the primary axis to total

chart.ChartAreas[strChartArea].AxisY.Maximum = total;

// create the destination series and add it to the chart

Series destSeries = new Series(destSeriesName);


// ensure that the destination series is either a Line or Spline chart type

destSeries.ChartType = SeriesChartType.Line;

destSeries.BorderWidth = 3;

// assign the series to the same chart area as the column chart is assigned

destSeries.ChartArea = chart.Series[srcSeriesName].ChartArea;

// assign this series to use the secondary axis and set it maximum to be 100%

destSeries.YAxisType = AxisType.Secondary;

chart.ChartAreas[strChartArea].AxisY2.Maximum = 100;

// locale specific percentage format with no decimals

chart.ChartAreas[strChartArea].AxisY2.LabelStyle.Format = "P0";

// turn off the end point values of the primary X axis

chart.ChartAreas[strChartArea].AxisX.LabelStyle.IsEndLabelVisible = false;

double percentage = 0.0;

foreach (DataPoint pt in chart.Series[srcSeriesName].Points)


percentage += (pt.YValues[0] / total * 100.0);

destSeries.Points.Add(Math.Round(percentage, 2));



There isn’t any specific chart type for Pareto; we should make it as a combination of two different chart types called Column and Line which is done in the code behind as described below.


This function is responsible to make 5 random values between 0 to maximum 49 which is called repeatedly in different sections of the project.



This method is called in Page_Load event handler which is responsible to handle the whole process. Firstly, it sets 5 random values to Default series which is a column chart type. Next, it calls MakeParetoChart()   (which is described later)to create a second line chart, then, it sets some appearance properties to the new generated series.


This method is responsible to add the second series called Pareto to the chart area. This series is a line chart for the pareto.

And yes it is over. Hope you found it interesting.
I am looking forward to reading your comments bout this post.

Umbraco – A new taste of development

Niels Hartvig

Niels Hartvig - Founder

An open source CMS but this time in C#. I saw many applications on the web (refer to, or this one that offer many open source apps in .Net but can anyone of them run huge applications such as or

Umbraco is an open source CMS in C# which could run and and far too many other enterprise web apps (claiming more than 85000 installations). Yes it is based on open source license and it is chosen by many organizations such as Toyota and Microsoft.

Niels Hartvig, is the founder of this CMS. He was a simple Danish man who started changing his world by developing his idea. And again a developer made it.

This CMS can be easily used freely to start a personal web site, a business web site, a forum or … and also can be used by developers to build their own customized CMS based on their needs.

It is 100% based on .Net and was coded in MVC. It can be opened easily in VStudio or WebMatrix (there is a template for Umbraco in WebMatrix) to make any alteration. Furthermore, it can be connected to MSSql Server or MySql Server. You can also code for your own DBMS. Moreover, you can plan it over Windows Azure. For all you need to know about development, they have an active forum talking about development issues or just see this video to be shocked about the power of this CMS.

Umbraco and Azure Logo

There is a really nice section in their web site called [Make A Wish], in which you can post any idea that you think is missed.

The last thing you should know is Umbraco’s base application is 100% free of charge unless you prefer it can be bundled with guaranteed and professional support, bug fixing warranty and productivity enhancing add-ons.

Why waiting so long, download it and start your own web ;))

Boxing and Unboxing (A key reason to use Generic)

April 7, 2011 2 comments

This article is a discussion about boxing and unboxing in .Net and also the ways to overcome it.

This term is mostly used when we want to convert value types to reference types or vice versa. We really should care about it in development of critical systems, web applications with high traffic or using classes or methods with frequent use.

Boxing: This is the process of converting the value of a value type variable to a reference type variable.

Assume that you want to store a user-defined type (struct) into an ArrayList (As you know user-defined/struct types are value type). Now let’s know what is stored in this ArrayList?

If you take a look at the Add() method of ArrayList, it has only one overload for this method which is Add(Object object) [and Object is a reference type]. It is good news due to the possibility of storing totally different types into each index of an ArrayList. However, it has some bad news too because it needs to convert your value type variable to a reference type variable. It means that it needs a boxing to fulfill this need.

struct TypeA


public int VarA;

public int VarB;

public TypeA(int VarA, int VarB)


this.VarA = VarA;

this.VarB = VarB;



public void TestBoxingAndUnBoxing()


TypeA typeA = new TypeA(10, 20);

System.Collections.ArrayList arrList = new System.Collections.ArrayList();

//Boxing occures here 



What Happens when a boxing occurs:

1- Because value-typed variables are stored in stack, a new memory cell in heap must be allocated to store this object. Reference types use heap (dynamic memory space) to be stored.

2- The value type’s bits are copied from stack to their new location in heap.

3- The new address is returned to be stored in ArrayList. So we now have a reference type instead of a value type.

Therefore, boxing can be very expensive and sometimes harmful.

Unboxing: is, of course, exactly opposite to boxing, it is the time when a reference type is converted to a value type.

After storing value types into ArrayList, they are wanted to be used somewhere. In other words, you should convert them to their original type in order to use them.

typeA = (TypeA)arrList[0];


What happens in unboxing?

1- It Checks whether it is null or not, then it checks whether the specified type is convertible or not. If both of the above conditions fail it returns an exception.

2- The reference of the object inside the ArrayList is returned. Then bits are copied into the value typed variable.

It has some penalties again. To overcome this problem .Net suggests using Generics when time is totally eminent (But it is a better to consider it always).

Generics is out of scope of this article; however, I describe it briefly in a sample code to show its power and its immense difference compared with objects.

Generics classes/methods are similar to type-less ones but they are not. You can specify their types before compile time when you are coding. For example for classes their types must be specified during their instantiation. Therefore, it gives you the flexibility to have different types in each instance of a class.

Code below is a comparison between a Generic class and an Object one.

//T and U are generic types. It means that you can specify their types in class instantiation. So

class GenericClass
public T t;
public U u;

 public GenericClass(T t, U u)
this.t = t;
this.u = u;

//An object class that may cause boxing and unboxing during run-time
class ObjectClass
public object t;
public object u;


 public ObjectClass(object t, object u)
this.t = t;
this.u = u;

Now I want to show you the time it takes to work with each one of them for ten million iterations.

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
DateTime dt1 = DateTime.Now;
ObjectClass ObjClass;
for (int i = 0; i &lt; 10000000; i++)
ObjClass = new ObjectClass(10, "Peace");
DateTime dt2 = DateTime.Now;

TimeSpan tsDef = dt2.Subtract(dt1);
Response.Write("Object: " + tsDef.TotalMilliseconds.ToString() + "

 dt1 = DateTime.Now;
GenericClass GenClass;
for (int i = 0; i &lt; 10000000; i++)
GenClass = new GenericClass(10, "Peace");
dt2 = DateTime.Now;
tsDef = dt2.Subtract(dt1);
Response.Write("Generic: " + tsDef.TotalMilliseconds.ToString());
Boxing and Unboxing

Fig 1, the result of comparision

The result clearly shows this difference. (Of course, you get different results each time you run the program but the ratio remains almost the same)

As you see, it is near to two times faster by using the Generic types.

Reference: Jeffrey Richter, MSPress: MCTS Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-536)

JQuery Autocomplete with ASP.Net

March 29, 2011 4 comments

In this article I want to describe combination of Autocomplete of JQuery and ASP.Net web service. Up to now I really couldn’t find a good article about this issue so it can be useful in the web.

Autocomplete is a plugin of JQuery that you can be used to implement autocomplete with the least efforts. You can find it here.

JQuery Autocomplete plugin has a property called source, in Ajax based programming you should change its source regarding what is entered into the textbox. Assume that you enter “ala” after that a callback is generated that sends some parameters to the web service (textbox.text and other parameters that you want) then in the response data you can feed source property of Autocomplete plugin. I think this stage can be your unique part of your job.


Fig 1

In this article I’ll discuss about generating a new callback on typing each new word and how to assign the returned value with the source property of Autocomplete plugin. You then can change the web service section with your desired code such as connecting to database and retrieving data on what is sent as parameter to the web service.

Web Service:

I start with web service because it is really simple.

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Web;

using System.Web.Services;

using System.Xml;

using System.Text;

using System.Web.Script.Services;

namespace ArticleDean.web.Service


/// <summary>

/// Summary description for WSDataService

/// </summary>

[WebService(Namespace = "")]

[WebServiceBinding(ConformsTo = WsiProfiles.BasicProfile1_1)]


// To allow this Web Service to be called from script, using ASP.NET AJAX, uncomment the following line.


public class WSDataService : System.Web.Services.WebService



public string GetStates(string typedValue, string test)



return test;




The first parameter that web service gets is typedValue. This parameter returns the typed value in textbox. The second parameter is a test one; it is just to show how to send more than one parameter in JSON datatype. You can use them to retrieve your desired data from database but here we just return a long text with ‘:’ separator (This is for training purpose).

ASPX file:

Sorry that it is Image, because of the problem of wordpress to accept html and aspx code, I have to publish this section in image

In the front of the source, there is a function that returns the callback result. It has two parameters, the second one is a method called response (this is a key note) that you should pass the resulting data from callback to it.

In data section of Ajax, I wrote a JSON data, JSON is a pair of key, value that is separated by a ‘:’.


returns the typed words in text box

In success section, I splited the resulting string with ‘:’ character and assigned it an array (because JavaScript is a dynamic type checker you don’t need to specify the variable as array, it detects it automatically). Then I sent it to the response method as parameter. This is the only way to return data to the source property of Autocomplete. [return] keyword can’t do this (I wasted a lot of my time to return a value from return keyword, so you can save yours).

Among Autocomplete properties I’m going to discuss some of them. First delay, this parameter is to postpone the callback request to the server. It is very important to do this because ignoring it causes a lot of overhead on the server (it would be a self Denial of Service attack :D). The next is minLength, it depicts that your Autocomplete sends the request after typing a specific number of characters. It also reduces the overhead if you increase it to a meaningful number according to your need.

In header of your form I included JQuery file (jquery-1.5.1.min.js), Autocomplete plugin file (jquery-ui-1.8.custom.min.js) this is a customized file; you can generate it at this address. And also a CSS file that is the official released theme for Autocomplete; you can download and edit it.

Should you have any questions comment me.

Love and peace for you all.

MS Chart with C#

March 27, 2011 8 comments

In this article I’d like to describe MS Chart (.Net 4.0) through an example. The picture below is the final result.

MS Chart

Fig 1


1-      Create a temp folder to store temp image files (c:\TempImageFiles) and add some codes to your web config file.
<compilation debug="true" targetFramework="4.0">


<add assembly=”System.Web.DataVisualization, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35″/>




<add key=”ChartImageHandler” value=”storage=file;timeout=20;dir=c:\TempImageFiles\”/>




<add path=”ChartImg.axd” verb=”GET,HEAD,POST” type=”System.Web.UI.DataVisualization.Charting.ChartHttpHandler, System.Web.DataVisualization, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35″ validate=”false” />


In .Net 4.0 edition you don’t need to download and install any control to use MSChart, you just need to drag and drop it from Data section of MS Visual Studio 2010 toolbox to your form (But I really dislike doing this, it’s better to write code in source tab of your form). In order to code it, add System.Web.UI.DataVisualization.Charting namespace to your form.

In this sample I will go through coding MSChart at runtime. Once you learned this, you learned static one also.

Start Coding:

ASPX Form:

Add this code to your form, this is the only thing you need to have in your aspx form:

<asp:Chart ID="MSChart" runat="server">


Code Behind:

Below codes are clear, you just add them in your cs file:

MSChart.Width = 900;

MSChart.Height = 600;

//It renders chart as an image and places it into an &lt;img&gt; html tag.

MSChart.RenderType = RenderType.ImageTag;

//Adds title to chart

Title t = new Title("Sample Chart", Docking.Top, new System.Drawing.Font("Tahoma", 14, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold), System.Drawing.Color.FromArgb(26, 59, 105));


Chart Sections:

MS Chart has two primary sections, Series and CharArea. You can either have a design time data in these two sections or add data programmatically during runtime.

–          Series are the most important part of each chart. Every chart has at least one series. A chart is a series of numbers which can be plotted into space as X and Y points. These numbers are dependent and depict a concept together regarding an issue. Assume that this series build a sine shape line, so this sine shape line is a series then you can add another series in the same chart to depict another meaning. These two series can be used to compare two different data of the same concept.

Fig 2

Fig 3

–          ChartArea: Is a place that you want to plot your series (so it contains series). It is a collection; therefore your chart can contain multiple ChartAreas.


MSChart.Series["Series1"].ChartType = SeriesChartType.Column;

MSChart.Series["Series1"].Color = System.Drawing.Color.Goldenrod;

MSChart.Series["Series1"].YValueType = ChartValueType.Int32;

Series1 is added to the collection of MSChart.Series. Each series has some important properties. ChartType that specifies the type of chart which can be Column (Same as ours), Pie, Doughnut etc. Color is to specify color of series and YValueType is the type of values in Y axis.


After defining Series you should define ChartArea. You can easily add a chart area to the CharAreas collection.


Legend leg = new Legend("Legend1");


MSChart.Legends[0].Alignment = System.Drawing.StringAlignment.Near;

In order to describe each series in a chart, Legends are used. To add them you can write the above code. Each ChartArea needs a legend; it automatically detects your series in a ChartArea.

Now it’s time to add data to our series:

Random _r = new Random();
for (int i = 10; i &lt; 100; i+=10)

int n = _r.Next(0, 100);
MSChart.Series["Series1"].Points.AddXY(i, n);


is a fast method to specify data of each point directly.

Up to now the below picture is created.

MS Chart

Fig 4

Theming and Appearance:

MSChart has some appearance properties that help your chart look more attractive. (Since chart is only for reporting purpose, either management or customer will see it, so make it the most beautiful :D, don’t forget the power of feelings).

You have definitely seen 3D charts. We want to develop one.

ChartArea3DStyle chartArea3DStyle = new ChartArea3DStyle();

chartArea3DStyle.Enable3D = true;

chartArea3DStyle.LightStyle = LightStyle.Realistic;

chartArea3DStyle.Rotation = 5;

chartArea3DStyle.Inclination = 40;

chartArea3DStyle.PointDepth = 50;

MSChart.ChartAreas["ChartMainArea"].Area3DStyle = chartArea3DStyle;

ChartArea3DStyle class has some properties to style a 3D chart. Then Area3DStyle property should be assigned with a ChartArea3DStyle object. After these simple changes you’ll have the below picture.

MS Chart

Fig 5

Adding more series:

It is really easy to add more series. Just write the following code:


MSChart.Series["Series2"].ChartType = SeriesChartType.Column;

MSChart.Series["Series2"].BorderWidth = 2;

MSChart.Series["Series2"].YValueType = ChartValueType.Int32;

for (int i = 15; i <= 100; i += 10)


MSChart.Series["Series2"].Points.AddXY(i, i);

MS Chart

Fig 6

It adds a new series and adds some points to it.

Wish you enjoyed it.

Peace and love for you all